Causes and Treatment of Enamel Hypocalcification

Calcium plays a vital part in giving you a healthy oral life. Calcium is a mineral that helps in strengthening your tooth’s enamel. Enamel is the outer shell meant to protect your tooth against decay and cavity. Do you know what would happen when your enamel has inadequate calcium? Here we will look at what hypocalcification is, the causes, and management.

 Hypocalcification Definition

Hypocalcification is a result of insufficient calcium in your tooth enamel. Generally, with insufficient calcium amount, you are likely to be having weak and thin enamel. Additionally, hypocalcification may result in chalky or opaque teeth, which eventually leave you with white, brown, yellow, or discoloration.

If you reach the stage of having weak enamel, your teeth are at a higher decay risk, making your teeth exposed to erosion and cavities. Also, weak enamel comes with sensitivity to cold and hot beverages or food.

Hypoplasia vs. Hypocalcification

Both hypoplasia and hypocalcification affect your teeth’ enamel. Nevertheless, hypoplasia is characterized by hard but thin enamel with quality deficiency. Usually, hypoplasia is genetics-related or occurs when your teeth get exposed to certain elements during the teeth development period.

Hypocalcification Causes

Generally, enamel hypocalcification is a result of two major factors, which are:

· Genetic defect

· Exposer to acidic conditions

Genetic Conditions

Hypocalcification can also occur in people with Amelogenesis imperfecta, an inherited dental condition. It is relatively estimated that about 14,000 – 16,000 children experience Amelogenesis imperfecta within America. People with this rare genetic disorder do not develop tooth enamel normally; hence, it becomes soft and easily wears out.

Acidic Conditions

Some sticky, colorless biofilm called plaque may happen to form on your tooth. This biofilm feeds on starches and sugar present in your food. With time the plaque will start releasing acid that affects your enamel. The acid produced by the plaque, poor oral hygiene, and some acid present in your diet might break down your enamel resulting in hypocalcification.

 Hypocalcification Treatment

It would be wise to be examining your teeth for any creamy or chalky spots. If you happen to notice these spots, ensure you visit your dentist right away. To avoid teeth decay, make sure you seek treatment as soon as possible once you have a hypocalcification condition. If the cause of your calcium loss is a result of an acidic condition, the dentist will examine the extent of your condition before any prescription. 

It is recommended for people with mild hypocalcification to establish and begin practicing a proper oral hygiene routine. The routine should include the following.

· Brushing twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste for about two minutes

· Using an interdental device or floss to clean between your teeth

· Having regular visits to your dentist for oral exams

· It is also good if you adjust your diet by avoiding more acidic and sugary foods

Also, your dental specialist may advise you to be using certain fluoride treatments, pastes, and creams, to help you promote remineralization. If you are experiencing a severe hypocalcification that may have caused decay, restoration treatment could be necessary.

It is usually not possible to treat hypocalcification where the cause is Amelogenesis imperfecta. However, your dental professional will offer you artificial replacements for your defective enamel.

Specialized dentures or full-crown restorations for unhealthy teeth are usually used to protect and cover your inner tooth; hence, helping you avoid decay. Also, for patients having tooth sensitivity, this relieves them from the condition.

 Conclusion

Your tooth depends on the enamel for protection, and hence when you lose calcium, you should take it seriously as it’s a warning sign of weaker enamel. Your dental professional will help you prevent more severe cases once they realize the problem early enough.

Any patches or chalky spots on your teeth should be a sign that you need to schedule an appointment with your dentist for a thorough checkup and treatment. Additionally, your dentist will offer you some advice to help you prevent the situation from reoccurring.