Dysgeusia: Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

Taste is something that many of us do not spend a lot of time thinking about. However, if one develops a disorder that affects their taste, then they will likely try to do anything to get it back. Dysgeusia is a common taste disorder. It is a condition that causes everything to taste metallic, sour or bitter. The good news is that there are ways that this condition can be treated.

Symptoms of Dysgeusia

You will notice a difference in the way that food and drinks taste. You may find that certain food tastes less salty or sweet than others. You may also find that certain foods taste more metallic, rotten or sour. Additionally, you may suffer from a condition called burning mouth syndrome. This is a condition where you feel a burning, painful sensation in your mouth.

What Can Cause Dysgeusia?

It isn’t uncommon for someone to suffer from dysgeusia. There are several things that can potentially cause this condition.

Certain Medications

It is common for people who take certain medications to have a metallic taste in their mouths. In fact, there are 200 known medications that can cause dysgeusia. Ace inhibitors, diuretics and antibiotics are some of the drugs that can cause you to experience a metallic taste in your mouth.

Cancer Treatment

Dysgeusia can sometimes be caused by radiation or chemotherapy treatments. These treatments can sometimes interfere with your sense of taste permanently. If you are receiving cancer treatments, then it is a good idea for you to talk to your doctor about the side effects that you are experiencing.


It is common for type 2 diabetics to have tongue dysfunction. This is a condition that is referred to as diabetic tongue. Many diabetics notice that their taste changes frequently throughout the day. This problem may be caused by blood sugar fluctuations.


If you have a fungal, viral or bacterial infection, then this can cause your tongue to swell. Blood flow to your taste buds is also reduced. Additionally, your body can also create chemicals that change the way that you taste.

Vitamin Deficiencies

If you are low in zinc and Vitamin B12, then you may notice a change in your taste.

Other Possible Causes

Autoimmune diseases, pregnancy, head injury, tobacco use and menopause can change the way that you taste.

Ways to Treat Dysgeusia

The best way to treat dysgeusia is typically treating the problem that caused it. For example, if your problem is caused by a vitamin deficiency, then you can take supplements. You can also quit smoking if tobacco has caused you to experience a change in your taste. Additionally, if you have a medical condition, then you need to get it treated.

You can also talk to a dietitian. They can show you how to use flavorings and spices to enhance your food. Furthermore, you will need to see a dentist at least twice a year. Your dentist will make sure that your teeth and gums are in great shape. They will also make sure that you are brushing and flossing properly.

Signs and Symptoms of Sensitive Gums vs. Sensitive Teeth

A mouth has two critical and primary components and that our teeth and gums. Both are responsible for food chewing and the protection of the entire oral health. However, we cannot pay attention to the health of gums and teeth as we do to other body organs. When it is about their functionality, they need healthy enjoinment to perform their function. Therefore, every part of the gums and teeth should be in good health. For that, every person has to take care of teeth’ health. It requires regular and proper brushing, use of mouth wash, healthy food, and flossing. A slight pang and disturbance in the gums or nerves can cause a serious issue to teeth and gums

When both the oral orangs are not in good health, they cause pain. However, people do not get it, either the pain is in teeth or gums. Moreover, causes can be different as well. This is the reason, you need to understand the difference between sensitive teeth and sensitive gums.

Sensitive Gums

The first common sign of sensitive gums is irritation in the roots of gums. A person feels deep itching, cold, or hotness in the depth of gums. Thus, you can realize that your gums are sensitive. However, sometimes the roots of teeth can also create pain in the origin. Therefore, the depth of the pain and irritation decides, either it is happening in teeth or gums. When your food and beverages reach the end of the roots, then it is the symptom of sensitive gum.

Sensitive gums are fragile and soft than usual. They have darker shades. The healthy gums are soft pink or red. However, any other color of gum is a sign of sensitivity and receding. Some other signs are inflammation and bleeding from the gums while brushing. Moreover, some people have swollen gums that are sensitive. Bad breath could also be another reason.

Also, food and beverages when creating discomfort in the mouth and gums section, then your gums are sensitive. Gingivitis is another disease that can cause sensitivity in gums. Sometimes hormonal changes and obesity cause sensitivity in gums and it makes them tender.

Sensitive Teeth

The first sign of sensitive teeth is eating and drinking hot or cold items. When such kinds of eatables cause sensation and problems in your oral area, then you have sensitive teeth. Also, brushing can cause pain in the roots of teeth, which means you have sensitive teeth. Some people feel pain while flossing which is also another symptom of sensitivity. Therefore, anything that belongs to eating, drinking, and brushing will be a sign of sensitive teeth. People do face pain and bleeding from the teeth due to sensitivity. Sensitive teeth are noticeable; however, gums are a bit hard to capture. Usually, the common symptoms lead to the pain and sensitivity of the teeth.

Here are some common reasons that can cause sensitivity in teeth.

  1. Cavities
  2. Hollow socket
  3. Cracked teeth
  4. Fracture in a tooth
  5. Receding gums
  6. Hot and cold eatables
  7. Sweet food items
  8. Tobacco
  9. Vine
  10. Gums’ infection
  11. Lose filling
  12. Loose teeth
  13. Clenching of teeth
  14. Flossing
  15. Harsh brushing
  16. Cosmetic practices on teeth
  17. Bad oral hygiene routine

Well, if the enamel gets destroyed due to any reason, the nerves and cementum get exposed to the harsh reality of the food items. Thus, you need to protect your enamel. Do not eat anything or practice that can spoil the enamel or crown of the teeth. Usually, hard bristles of the brush, strong mouthwashes, intake of too much red vine, and tobacco can damage the enamel. This will make your teeth sensitive and cause further diseases.

Salivary Gland Infection: Symptoms And Treatment

Do you have flu along with discomfort, swelling, or soreness in the throat? That may be due to the salivary gland infection. In this article, we will discuss the signs and symptoms of this infection. And, we will also discuss ways to prevent and treat it.

Functions of salivary glands

There are three pairs of salivary glands in a human’s oral cavity: parotid, submandibular and sublingual. These glands working in the lower arch and sides of the oral cavity produce saliva to keep the mouth hydrated and promote food digestion. However, some infections can result in the malfunctioning of these glands. It can even cause pain. At first, a salivary gland infection may just be similar to sore throat and fever.

Risk factors

According to the NIH, several risk factors are associated with salivary gland infections. You may have heard about Mumps, which is an acute viral disease resulting in fever. This condition affects parotid glands. Risk factors for salivary gland infections include:

  • Dehydration
  • Smoking
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Blocked salivary ducts

Signs and symptoms of salivary gland infections

Salivary gland infections can lead to some annoying and painful symptoms, including:

  • Bad taste or odor in the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Discomfort in the mouth, face, or throat, particularly when eating your foods
  • Pain the neck or face
  • Fever and chills

If you notice these symptoms, contact your dentist immediately for an appointment. Not getting a timely treatment can cause worsening of symptoms.


If the problem is due to a bacterial infection, your doctor or dentist will prescribe antibiotics. If it is due to an abscess, the dentist will recommend surgical drainage of pus. You have to make sure that you go to a qualified healthcare provider to get the treatment for salivary gland infections.

The treatment will not provide instant relief from salivary gland infections. You will have to wait for the symptoms to subside completely. You can reduce pain by rinsing your mouth with warm salt water or applying heat compresses to the area of pain. Taking over-the-counter pain medication may also help, but you have to get its approval from your healthcare provider.

Preventing infections

Most oral infections occur due to the presence of harmful bacterial. Adopting a robust and good oral care routine can help you steer clear of most of those infections. First off, you have to make sure that you brush your teeth twice every day. Brushing your teeth removed harmful bacteria that can contribute to tooth decay, gingivitis, and other infections. Make sure to floss between your teeth to clean the areas where the toothbrush’s bristles cannot reach. For added protection, use an antiseptic mouthwash. It will kill harmful germs in your mouth.

If you a tobacco user, you should know that you are more susceptible to having oral infections. Smoking or using tobacco can affect blood flow in your mouth, hampering your oral cavity’s ability to fight infections. Similarly, drinking alcohol can have a severe impact on your oral and overall health. Be sure to stay away from all unhealthy habits.