Causes and Treatment of Enamel Hypocalcification

Calcium plays a vital part in giving you a healthy oral life. Calcium is a mineral that helps in strengthening your tooth’s enamel. Enamel is the outer shell meant to protect your tooth against decay and cavity. Do you know what would happen when your enamel has inadequate calcium? Here we will look at what hypocalcification is, the causes, and management.

 Hypocalcification Definition

Hypocalcification is a result of insufficient calcium in your tooth enamel. Generally, with insufficient calcium amount, you are likely to be having weak and thin enamel. Additionally, hypocalcification may result in chalky or opaque teeth, which eventually leave you with white, brown, yellow, or discoloration.

If you reach the stage of having weak enamel, your teeth are at a higher decay risk, making your teeth exposed to erosion and cavities. Also, weak enamel comes with sensitivity to cold and hot beverages or food.

Hypoplasia vs. Hypocalcification

Both hypoplasia and hypocalcification affect your teeth’ enamel. Nevertheless, hypoplasia is characterized by hard but thin enamel with quality deficiency. Usually, hypoplasia is genetics-related or occurs when your teeth get exposed to certain elements during the teeth development period.

Hypocalcification Causes

Generally, enamel hypocalcification is a result of two major factors, which are:

· Genetic defect

· Exposer to acidic conditions

Genetic Conditions

Hypocalcification can also occur in people with Amelogenesis imperfecta, an inherited dental condition. It is relatively estimated that about 14,000 – 16,000 children experience Amelogenesis imperfecta within America. People with this rare genetic disorder do not develop tooth enamel normally; hence, it becomes soft and easily wears out.

Acidic Conditions

Some sticky, colorless biofilm called plaque may happen to form on your tooth. This biofilm feeds on starches and sugar present in your food. With time the plaque will start releasing acid that affects your enamel. The acid produced by the plaque, poor oral hygiene, and some acid present in your diet might break down your enamel resulting in hypocalcification.

 Hypocalcification Treatment

It would be wise to be examining your teeth for any creamy or chalky spots. If you happen to notice these spots, ensure you visit your dentist right away. To avoid teeth decay, make sure you seek treatment as soon as possible once you have a hypocalcification condition. If the cause of your calcium loss is a result of an acidic condition, the dentist will examine the extent of your condition before any prescription. 

It is recommended for people with mild hypocalcification to establish and begin practicing a proper oral hygiene routine. The routine should include the following.

· Brushing twice a day using a fluoride toothpaste for about two minutes

· Using an interdental device or floss to clean between your teeth

· Having regular visits to your dentist for oral exams

· It is also good if you adjust your diet by avoiding more acidic and sugary foods

Also, your dental specialist may advise you to be using certain fluoride treatments, pastes, and creams, to help you promote remineralization. If you are experiencing a severe hypocalcification that may have caused decay, restoration treatment could be necessary.

It is usually not possible to treat hypocalcification where the cause is Amelogenesis imperfecta. However, your dental professional will offer you artificial replacements for your defective enamel.

Specialized dentures or full-crown restorations for unhealthy teeth are usually used to protect and cover your inner tooth; hence, helping you avoid decay. Also, for patients having tooth sensitivity, this relieves them from the condition.

 Conclusion

Your tooth depends on the enamel for protection, and hence when you lose calcium, you should take it seriously as it’s a warning sign of weaker enamel. Your dental professional will help you prevent more severe cases once they realize the problem early enough.

Any patches or chalky spots on your teeth should be a sign that you need to schedule an appointment with your dentist for a thorough checkup and treatment. Additionally, your dentist will offer you some advice to help you prevent the situation from reoccurring.

How is Removal of Calcium Deposit on Teeth Performed? – Treatment and Prevention

Calcium in teeth is one of the essential components for healthy oral life. However, some of the hygiene practices and food items can damage the health of teeth and engulf the calcium. However, there is one more thing to understand about calcium for teeth. It is a necessary element for the string teeth. But the buildup of the calcium spots on the enamel is bad. People have seen a white stain on the outer layer of the teeth. These are calcium stains. This is actually not good for the appearance of the teeth. Moreover, the buildup of tartar on enamel is also bad. It comes in a yellow shade. Now, several treatments remove tartar and calcium stains from your teeth. Moreover, some preventions do not allow the buildup of tartar and calcium on teeth.

What are Calcium Deposits on Teeth?

Calcium deposits are tartar and white stains on the teeth. The second name of the tartar is calculus. It is a hard yellowish layer on the enamel. Or sometimes appear in the form of white spots. It creates a hard layer of plaque or dental biofilm on the teeth. It has made of calcium phosphates. This is why its usual color is white and appears like the stains of calcium. Sometimes, it exhibits an off-white or yellow shade.

It can appear anywhere on the enamel. Usually, people are not habitual of flossing and they cannot remove the plaque from the lines and in between of the teeth. Thus, it starts creating tartar from those edges. Therefore, it is necessary to remove the bacteria and food particles from the inner lines of teeth. Mouthwashes and flossing are necessary for good oral health and routine. When there are tartar n teeth and gums, it creates a problem and irritates the gums and your tongue feels it. Therefore, if you do not remove it at the appropriate time. It will create a thick layer of plaque. It will turn into deposits of calcium on teeth.

Formation of Tartar

When the bacteria on teeth accumulate, it hardens the surface of the teeth. This hard layer becomes tartar. Usually, you can feel this layer on the inner surface of the teeth. You can touch this through the tongue realize an artificial surface. Moreover, it builds upon the upper molars that are next to the cheeks. In these sections, salivary ducts continuously inject saliva that has a sound amount of calcium. This creates a bacterial layer on the teeth, called tartar.

How to Remove Calcium Deposit?

When there is tartar or calcium deposit on the teeth, an individual cannot remove it. It requires dental help and treatment. It needs some scales and instruments to eliminate this layer. However, dentists have designed some special tools that can remove the tartar from the teeth. It contains metal-tipped hand equipment and an ultrasonic tool. It uses a particular wavelength to remove the calcium deposit from the teeth. When you are under the treatment of removal of tartar, it may require more than one visit to the dentist. It depends on the thickness of the calcium deposit layer. Scaling is the first and initial stage of this treatment. Some people get benefited from the very first step. However, some need a few more stages to recover the issue. Therefore, the dentist may use anesthesia to ensure your comfort and you do not feel any severe pain.

Prevention 

When you do not care about your oral section, you may encounter several diseases of the teeth. However, the ultimate necessary thing is to floss and brush your teeth. Moreover, we have now too many mouthwashes that can kill the bacteria from the mouth. Thus, follow this practice and eat healthily.

Salivary Gland Infection: Symptoms And Treatment

Do you have flu along with discomfort, swelling, or soreness in the throat? That may be due to the salivary gland infection. In this article, we will discuss the signs and symptoms of this infection. And, we will also discuss ways to prevent and treat it.

Functions of salivary glands

There are three pairs of salivary glands in a human’s oral cavity: parotid, submandibular and sublingual. These glands working in the lower arch and sides of the oral cavity produce saliva to keep the mouth hydrated and promote food digestion. However, some infections can result in the malfunctioning of these glands. It can even cause pain. At first, a salivary gland infection may just be similar to sore throat and fever.

Risk factors

According to the NIH, several risk factors are associated with salivary gland infections. You may have heard about Mumps, which is an acute viral disease resulting in fever. This condition affects parotid glands. Risk factors for salivary gland infections include:

  • Dehydration
  • Smoking
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Blocked salivary ducts

Signs and symptoms of salivary gland infections

Salivary gland infections can lead to some annoying and painful symptoms, including:

  • Bad taste or odor in the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Discomfort in the mouth, face, or throat, particularly when eating your foods
  • Pain the neck or face
  • Fever and chills

If you notice these symptoms, contact your dentist immediately for an appointment. Not getting a timely treatment can cause worsening of symptoms.

Treatment

If the problem is due to a bacterial infection, your doctor or dentist will prescribe antibiotics. If it is due to an abscess, the dentist will recommend surgical drainage of pus. You have to make sure that you go to a qualified healthcare provider to get the treatment for salivary gland infections.

The treatment will not provide instant relief from salivary gland infections. You will have to wait for the symptoms to subside completely. You can reduce pain by rinsing your mouth with warm salt water or applying heat compresses to the area of pain. Taking over-the-counter pain medication may also help, but you have to get its approval from your healthcare provider.

Preventing infections

Most oral infections occur due to the presence of harmful bacterial. Adopting a robust and good oral care routine can help you steer clear of most of those infections. First off, you have to make sure that you brush your teeth twice every day. Brushing your teeth removed harmful bacteria that can contribute to tooth decay, gingivitis, and other infections. Make sure to floss between your teeth to clean the areas where the toothbrush’s bristles cannot reach. For added protection, use an antiseptic mouthwash. It will kill harmful germs in your mouth.

If you a tobacco user, you should know that you are more susceptible to having oral infections. Smoking or using tobacco can affect blood flow in your mouth, hampering your oral cavity’s ability to fight infections. Similarly, drinking alcohol can have a severe impact on your oral and overall health. Be sure to stay away from all unhealthy habits.

Treatment Of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

The temporomandibular joint, located near your temples, is a joint providing support to your jawbone or mandible. These joints support the movement of your lower jaw when you eat, speak, yawn, or move your jaw from side to side. This joint is commonly referred to as the TMJ.

Due to its complex anatomy, TMJ is susceptible to disorders and pains. In this article, we will discuss what TMJ is and how to deal with its problems.

The parts of TMJ

The lower jaw, or mandible, has two vertical extensions on each side, and there is a condyle at the top. The function of this condyle is to allow for articulation. TMJ is present at the point where the condyle meets the skull’s temporal bone.

There is also a disc, which is pretty similar to that in your back. This disc acts as a buffer between two bones, keeping them from rubbing each other. There is also a complex structure, consisting of fluids, membranes, blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissues, behind the articular disc. The joint remains stable, thanks to the three ligaments present in the area. These ligaments also help prevent dislocation of the jaw and support the mandibular bone’s weight.

The function of the TMJ’s anatomy

While TMJ is a joint, it is different from other joints in the body. That is because it supports both sliding and hinging actions. We do not want other joints in the body to deviate from their specified direction. However, the same is not the case with TMJ, which can be moved forward, backward, and sideways. This joint gets support from muscles of mastication.

Here are the components of a TMJ anatomy.

  • Masseter: muscles that support chewing actions
  • Temporalis: muscles that allow for opening, closure, and retraction of the jaw
  • Medial pterygoid: muscles that elevate your mandible
  • Lateral pterygoid: muscles supporting the forward movement of the lower jaw

These muscles work collaboratively to support complex and compound movements of your jaws, allowing you to speak, eat, yawn, and make other jaw movements. These muscles can get agitated or injured, contributing to hampering the jaw’s overall function.

TMJ disorders

Several factors can contribute to TMJ disorders. Those can include injury, trauma, teeth grinding, muscle spasms, teeth misalignment, and other dental issues. You may not require treatment for some TMJ disorders. For some, however, you will need to get attention from your dentist.

Signs and symptoms

Determining whether you are experiencing a TMJ disorder or any other facial issue can be challenging due to the similarity of symptoms. Your dentist will diagnose the problem correctly.

Here are some TMJ symptoms you may want to know about.

  • Pain in the jaw or face
  • Headache
  • Clicking sound when opening or closing the mouth
  • Jaw getting stuck
  • Tenderness of jaw muscles
  • Facial swelling

Alleviating the symptoms

Treating the root cause can help alleviate symptoms. It may take some time, though. Your dentist will devise a treatment plan to help resolve your problem for good. Common treatment options in this regard may include the following.

  • Medication
  • Wearing a nightguard
  • Relaxing
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery

You can discuss all these treatment plans with your dentist. You will get a recommendation based on the severity of your symptoms.